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Electrophoresis

Evaluation of polymers based on a silicone backbone as pseudostationary phases for electrokinetic chromatography.


PMID 10499333

Abstract

The feasibility of polymeric phases based on a silicone polymer backbone as pseudostationary phases for electrokinetic chromatography has been investigated. Silicone phases were studied because of the range of chemistries that could be developed based on these backbones, and because successful development of silicone phases would make it possible to employ much of the stationary phase chemistry developed in the past thirty years. Three silicone polymer structures have been investigated, but only one had sufficient aqueous solubility to permit application in electrokinetic chromatography. This phase was characterized by a variety of methods and was shown to be a mixture of partially hydrolyzed poly(bis-(3-cyanopropyl) siloxanes. When employed as a pseudostationary phase, this material provided selective and efficient separations. The electrophoretic mobility of the silicone polymer is greater than that of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles and poly(sodium 10-undecenylsulfate), providing an extended migration time range. A striking characteristic of the polymer is that the electrophoretic mobility is greater than typical electroosmotic mobilities. The chemical selectivity of the phase is significantly different from that of SDS micelles or poly(sodium 10-undecenylsulfate). The silicone phase is a more cohesive, basic and polar phase than SDS micelles. In buffers modified with a high concentration of organic solvents, the chromatographic properties of the silicone polymer are inferior to those of the poly(sodium 10-undecenylsulfate). The greatest limitation of silicone polymers for this application appears to be limited aqueous solubility, which will make it difficult to realize a family of such polymers with different chemical selectivities.