Journal of medical virology

Expression and antigenicity of human herpesvirus 8 encoded ORF59 protein in AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma.

PMID 10502268


Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, KSHV) is a new herpes virus isolated from patients with AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma (AIDS-KS). The ORF59 protein of HHV-8 has recently been shown to encode a processivity factor (PF-8) for HHV-8-encoded DNA polymerase. By immunoscreening a cDNA library derived from the HHV-8-infected cell line TY-1, ORF59 antigen was identified in AIDS-KS patients. Immunoblotting revealed that recombinant ORF59 protein reacted with sera from patients with AIDS-KS. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using ORF59-recombinant protein as the antigen revealed that 7 of 22 (31. 8%) AIDS-KS patients and 6 of 263 (2.2%) Japanese HIV-negative patients or healthy blood donors were positive for anti-ORF59 antibodies. Immunohistochemistry using anti-ORF59 rabbit antibodies revealed that this protein was expressed in some of the tumor cells found in KS tissues and that ORF59 protein was detected in 11 of 22 (50%) AIDS-KS tissues. In situ hybridization indicated that some of KS tumor cells were positive for HHV-8 T1.1 mRNA in the same specimen. These data suggest that ORF59 is one of the HHV-8 encoded antigens in patients with AIDS-KS and also indicated that viral replication occurred in some of KS tumor cells.