Journal of chromatography. A

Eriochrome Black T as a post-column reagent for the ion chromatographic determination of rare earths.

PMID 10514976


The use of Eriochrome Black T in an alkaline, 40% methanol solution was found to be appropriate as post-column reagent for the determination of rare earths by ion chromatography. Detection of individual lanthanides and lanthanum was carried out at 512 nm and 650 nm after separation by dynamic cation exchange chromatography with gradient elution on C18 column and employing a solution containing alpha-hydroxyisobutiric acid/sodium octanesulfonate at pH 3.8 as eluent. The effect of the presence of micelles in the post-column reagent was studied. Sensitivities obtained by the addition of the cationic surfactants cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) and hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) were lower than those measured without surfactant addition. In some cases, the signal was totally suppressed. No change in sensitivity was observed with non-ionic (Triton X-100) or anionic (sodium dodecylsulphate, SDS) surfactants but a slight improvement in the baseline noise was observed with the SDS. An evaluation of the influence of chemical and operational variables on the post column reaction (PCR) reagent was carried out either by spectrophotometric tests or by chromatographic experiments. A comparison was performed between three PCR reagents: Eriochrome Black T and xylenol orange in the presence of a cationic surfactant and arsenazo III. Calibration response was linear up to an analyte concentration of 5.0 micrograms ml-1. Absolute detection limits lower than 7 and 17 ng were obtained at the detection wavelengths of 650 nm and 512 nm respectively, for all the natural lanthanides and lanthanum.