The Japanese journal of physiology

Increased cardiovascular and metabolic tolerance to acute hypoxia in the rat with increased hemoglobin-O(2) affinity induced by Na-cyanate treatment.

PMID 10529486


Cyanate derivatives such as NaOCN have been known to increase the hypoxia tolerance of animals by increasing the affinity of hemoglobin (Hb) to O(2). To clarify the mechanism of this increase in hypoxia tolerance, we examined changes in metabolic rate and cardiovascular parameters during a hypoxia test in halothane-anesthetized, NaOCN-treated and spontaneously breathing rats (50 mg/kg/d S.C., 10 d). Control animals received saline. The capillary density in the skeletal muscle (sternocleidomastoid muscle), cardiac papillary muscle and medulla oblongata was also examined histologically. The Hb-O(2) affinity index, P(50), decreased from 38 (control rat) to 24 mmHg in NaOCN-treated rats. During hyperoxic gas breathing, the rat treated with NaOCN showed a significantly lower metabolic rate (V(.)O(2), V(.)CO(2)), higher cardiac stroke volume, slower heart rate, lower PvO(2), and lower O(2) extraction ratio than those in control rats. The NaOCN-treated rats exhibited well-maintained arterial blood pressure and a larger cardiac output response to reduction in FIO(2) to 0.10-0.08. The increase in O(2) extraction ratio with reduction in FIO(2) was larger in NaOCN-treated than in control rats. The circulatory and metabolic depressions at FIO(2) 0.05 were effectively attenuated in NaOCN-treated rats. The capillary density of the cardiac muscle and medulla oblongata but not the skeletal muscle was significantly higher in NaOCN-treated rats than in control rats. The greater hypoxia tolerance in NaOCN-treated rats is ascribed to the combined effects of left shift of Hb-O(2) dissociation curve, lower basal V(. )O(2), higher capillary density in the heart, and brain, and other adaptive mechanisms induced probably by prolonged tissue hypoxia.

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Sodium cyanate, 96%