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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

3-Hydroxy-4,5-dimethyl-2(5H)-furanone (Sotolon) causing an off-flavor: elucidation of its formation pathways during storage of citrus soft drinks.


PMID 10552647

Abstract

Gas chromatography/olfactometry (GCO) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HRGC-MS) revealed 3-hydroxy-4, 5-dimethyl-2(5H)-furanone (sotolon) to be responsible for the "burnt" and "spicy" off-flavor observed in citrus soft drinks during storage. Among the ingredients of citrus soft drinks, ethanol and ascorbic acid were identified as the essential precursors of sotolon. Two formation pathways were postulated by studies using (2)H (D)- and (13)C-labeled ethanol and ascorbic acid; i.e., sotolon is formed from two molecules of ethanol and carbons 2 and 3 of ascorbic acid (pathway 1), or it is generated from one molecule of ethanol and carbons 3-6 of ascorbic acid (pathway 2).