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British journal of pharmacology

Inhibition of vascular K(ATP) channels by U-37883A: a comparison with cardiac and skeletal muscle.


PMID 10556925

Abstract

1 The aim of this study was to investigate the selectivity of the ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel inhibitor U-37883A (4-morpholinecarboximidine-N-1-adamantyl-N'-1-cyclohexyl). Membrane currents through K(ATP) channels were recorded in single muscle cells enzymatically isolated from rat mesenteric artery, cardiac ventricle and skeletal muscle (flexor digitorum brevis). K(ATP) currents were induced either by cell dialysis with 0.1 mM ATP and 0.1 mM ADP, or by application of synthetic potassium channel openers (levcromakalim or pinacidil). 2 U-37883A inhibited K(ATP) currents in smooth muscle cells from rat mesenteric artery. Half inhibition of 10 microM levcromakalim-induced currents occurred at a concentration of 3.5 microM. 3 Relaxations of rat mesenteric vessels caused by levcromakalim were reversed by U-37883A. 1 microM levcromakalim-induced relaxations were inhibited at a similar concentration of U-37883A (half inhibition, 1.1 microM) to levcromakalim-induced KATP currents. 4 K(ATP) currents activated by 100 microM pinacidil were also studied in single myocytes from rat mesenteric artery, skeletal muscle and cardiac ventricle. 10 microM U-37883A substantially inhibited K(ATP) currents in vascular cells, but had little effect in skeletal or cardiac myocytes. Higher concentrations of U-37883A (100 microM) caused a modest decrease in K(ATP) currents in skeletal and cardiac muscle. The sulphonylurea K(ATP) channel antagonist glibenclamide (10 microM) abolished currents in all muscle types. 5 The effect of U-37883A on vascular inward rectifier (KIR) and voltage-dependent potassium (KV) currents was also examined. While 10 microM U-37883A had little effect on these currents, some inhibition was apparent at higher concentrations (100 microM) of the compound. 6 We conclude that U-37883A inhibits K(ATP) channels in arterial smooth muscle more effectively than in cardiac and skeletal muscle. Furthermore, this compound is selective for K(ATP) channels over KV and KIR channels in smooth muscle cells.