Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Transfection of rat kidney with human 15-lipoxygenase suppresses inflammation and preserves function in experimental glomerulonephritis.

PMID 10557328


The human 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO) gene was transfected into rat kidneys in vivo via intra-renal arterial injection. Three days later, acute (passive) or accelerated forms of antiglomerular basement membrane antibody-mediated glomerulonephritis were induced in transfected and nontransfected or sham-transfected controls. Studies of glomerular functions (filtration and protein excretion) and ex vivo glomerular leukotriene B(4) biosynthesis at 3 hr, and up to 4 days, after induction of nephritis revealed preservation or normalization of these parameters in transfected kidneys that expressed human 15-LO mRNA and mature protein, but not in contralateral control kidneys or sham-transfected animals. The results provide in vivo-derived data supporting a direct anti-inflammatory role for 15-LO during immune-mediated tissue injury.