The Journal of biological chemistry

Activation of rat frizzled-1 promotes Wnt signaling and differentiation of mouse F9 teratocarcinoma cells via pathways that require Galpha(q) and Galpha(o) function.

PMID 10559239


The frizzled gene family of putative Wnt receptors encodes proteins that have a seven transmembrane-spanning motif characteristic of G-protein-linked receptors, although no loss-of-function studies have demonstrated a requirement for G-proteins for Wnt signaling by the gene product of frizzled-1. Medium conditioned by mouse F9 teratocarcinoma stem cells stably transfected to express either Xenopus Wnt-5a or Wnt-8 was used to test primitive endoderm formation of F9 stem cells. F9 stem cells expressing the rat Frizzled-1 receptors demonstrated endoderm formation in response to conditioned medium containing Wnt-8 but not to medium containing Wnt-5a. Primitive endoderm formation stimulated by Wnt-8 acting on the rat Frizzled-1 receptor was blocked by treatment with pertussis toxin by depletion of either Galpha(o) or Galpha(q) via antisense oligodeoxynucleotides, as well as by inhibitors of protein kinase C (bisindoylmaleimide) and of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (PD98059). Our results demonstrate the requirement for G-protein subunits Galpha(o) (a pertussis toxin substrate) and Galpha(q) for signaling by Frizzled-1, and an obligate role for the protein kinase C (likely mediated through stimulation of Galpha(q)) and mitogen-activated protein kinase network at the level of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase.