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Bioconjugate chemistry

Molecular necklaces. Cross-linking hemoglobin with reagents containing covalently attached ligands.


PMID 10563776

Abstract

Hemoglobin can be cross-linked and converted to a bioconjugate in one step by a "molecular necklace", a reagent that contains two reacting sites and a pendant ligand. The compound to be conjugated is activated as an electrophile. The activated material is then combined with a reagent (3-aminoisophthalic acid) that contains a nucleophilic (amino) site and two latent (carboxyl) sites. The latent sites of the product are activated as 3,5-dibromosalicylates to produce the cross-linker. Illustrative examples of cross-linking are presented with pendant biotin [bis(3,5-dibromosalicyl) N-biotinyl-5-aminoisophthalate] and pendant N-trifluoroacetyl-L-isoleucylglycine [bis(3,5-dibromosalicyl) N-(N-trifluoroacetyl-L-isoleucylglycyl)-5-aminoisophthalate) ]. The resulting modified hemoglobins contain two principal types of cross-link: (beta-Lys-82-beta'-Lys-82) and (alpha-Lys-99-alpha'-Lys-99). The functional properties of the modified hemoglobin containing biotin in a (beta-Lys-82-beta'-Lys-82) cross-link are (pH 7.4, 55 microM heme, 25 degrees C, 0.1 M chloride, and 50 mM Bis-Tris) P(50) = 4.9 Torr, n(50) = 3.0, values which are approximately the same as for native hemoglobin. The results of affinity chromatography of the biotinylated cross-linked hemoglobin using a column of immobilized avidin indicate that the pendant biotin is much less accessible than free biotin. We suggest that the results are consistent with the pendant species being strongly attracted into the hemoglobin environment.

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186279
5-Aminoisophthalic acid, 94%
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