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Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

Inhibition of ACCase220 and ACCase240 isozymes from sethoxydim-resistant and -susceptible maize hybrids.


PMID 10563889

Abstract

Acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase) isozymes were separated from cyclohexanedione-resistant and -susceptible maize. ACCase240 from resistant maize was 3.7-, >77-, and 12.8-fold more resistant to inhibition by clethodim, sethoxydim, and tralkoxydim, respectively, than ACCase240 from susceptible maize. The resistant ACCase240 preparation had 3.0-fold more protein and 14.5-fold lower specific activity than susceptible ACCase240. Resistant ACCase240 has a V(max) 5.5-fold lower than that of susceptible ACCase240, whereas apparent K(m) values were similar. ACCase220 from resistant maize was >25- and 7.2-fold more resistant to inhibition by sethoxydim and tralkoxydim, respectively, than susceptible ACCase220 but was inhibited to the same extent by clethodim. In summary, sethoxydim-resistant corn has an altered herbicide-resistant ACCase220 isozyme and increased expression of a less efficient, herbicide-resistant ACCase240 isozyme. However, to what extent alteration of both isozymes contributes to sethoxydim resistance is not clear.

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