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FEMS microbiology letters

Preferential oxidative dehalogenation upon conversion of 2-halophenols by Rhodococcus opacus 1G.


PMID 10564791

Abstract

The regiospecificity of hydroxylation of C2-halogenated phenols by Rhodococcus opacus 1G was investigated. Oxidative defluorination at the C2 position ortho with respect to the hydroxyl moiety was preferred over hydroxylation at the non-fluorinated C6 position for all 2-fluorophenol compounds studied. Initial hydroxylation of 2,3, 5-trichlorophenol resulted in the exclusive formation of 3, 5-dichlorocatechol. These results indicate that, in contrast to all other phenol ortho-hydroxylases studied so far, phenol hydroxylase from R. opacus 1G is capable of catalyzing preferential oxidative defluorination but also oxidative dechlorination.