Brain research. Molecular brain research

The bovine mu-opioid receptor: cloning of cDNA and pharmacological characterization of the receptor expressed in mammalian cells.

PMID 10581406


The cDNA coding for the bovine mu-opioid receptor has been cloned and sequenced. Conserved sequences from murine delta-receptor cDNA were used as primers in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify cDNA, prepared by reverse transcription of bovine brain mRNA. This cDNA was used to probe a bovine brain library. The partial sequence obtained was extended to provide the full length clone by PCR. The cDNA has an open reading frame of 1203 base pairs (bp) with a 3'-untranslated region of 1900 bp and a 5'-untranslated region of 265 bp. The protein contains 401 amino acids and has 94% amino acid identity with the human and 91% with the rat mu-opioid receptor. It has the putative seven transmembrane domains, characteristic of G protein-coupled receptors and contains 5 potential N-linked glycosylation sites near the N-terminus. Several potential phosphorylation sites and a putative palmitoylation site are also present. The receptor was stably expressed in HEK293 cells. The binding profile was found to be that of a typical mu receptor, i. e., mu agonists and antagonists, but not delta and kappa ligands, bound with high affinity. Functional assays, namely, opioid stimulation of [35S]GTPgammaS binding and inhibition of forskolin-activated adenylyl cyclase, were also found to be highly specific for mu-opioid agonists. The receptor was downregulated by chronic exposure to mu agonists but not delta or kappa agonists. Evidence is presented indicating that the cloned receptor is the same as the bovine mu receptor previously purified to homogeneity in our laboratory. No evidence was found for genes for multiple mu-type opioid receptors.

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[D-Ala2, N-Me-Phe4, Gly5-ol]-Enkephalin acetate salt, ≥97% (HPLC)