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Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy

[Late phase II clinical study for bropirimine (U-54461S) in situ carcinoma of the bladder: follow-up investigation. Bropirimine Study Group].


PMID 10584570

Abstract

A follow-up investigation was conducted on a Late Phase II clinical study of bropirimine for carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the bladder. We previously reported that 48 patients were enrolled and 17 patients achieved complete remission (CR) in the Late Phase II study. Of the 17 CR patients, 5 had recurrence, but 9 were recurrence free for a year and 5 have remained so for more than 2 years (median follow-up: 29.1 +/- 4.2 months). The 1-year and 2-year recurrence-free rates calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method were 70.3% and 61.5% respectively. Of all the 47 bropirimine-treated patients, 11 underwent total cystectomy (median follow-up: 31.8 +/- 5.2 months). The rates of bladder preservation after 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method were 87.2%, 80.7%, and 74.0% respectively. Of the 39 patients who did not respond to bropirimine or suffered from recurrence after bropirimine treatment, 19 received subsequent intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy and 13 achieved CR (68.4%). This suggests that bropirimine does not decrease the efficacy of BCG therapy. In the present study, the prognosis was confirmed to be favorable after bropirimine therapy. Bropirimine would thus seem to be a useful oral anticancer agent for bladder CIS.

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