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The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

Thrombin-induced growth cone collapse: involvement of phospholipase A(2) and eicosanoid generation.


PMID 10594066

Abstract

The studies presented here explore intracellular signals resulting from the action of repellents on growth cones. Growth cone challenge with thrombin or thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP) triggers collapse via a receptor-mediated process. The results indicate that this involves activation of cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) and eicosanoid synthesis. The collapse response to repellents targets at least two functional units of the growth cone, the actin cytoskeleton and substratum adhesion sites. We show in a cell-free assay that thrombin and TRAP cause the detachment of isolated growth cones from laminin. Biochemical analyses of isolated growth cones reveal that thrombin and TRAP stimulate cytosolic PLA(2) but not phospholipase C. In addition, thrombin stimulates synthesis of 12- and 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE) from the released arachidonic acid via a lipoxygenase (LO) pathway. A selective LO inhibitor blocks 12/15-HETE synthesis in growth cones and inhibits thrombin-induced growth cone collapse. Exogenously applied 12(S)-HETE mimics the thrombin effect and induces growth cone collapse in culture. These observations indicate that thrombin-induced growth cone collapse occurs by a mechanism that involves the activation of cytosolic PLA(2) and the generation of 12/15-HETE.