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Analytical biochemistry

Microscale synthesis of dextran-based multivalent N-linked oligosaccharide probes.


PMID 10610697

Abstract

We developed a convenient method for the synthesis of dextran-based multivalent probes containing N-linked oligosaccharides which is efficient even in a small scale. Oligosaccharides were derivatized with succinic dihydrazide and dimethylamine borane under a mild acidic condition. The derivatized oligosaccharides were then conjugated in a good yield to periodate-oxidized dextran (500 kDa). Thus, the conjugates containing 120 to 140 oligosaccharide chains per dextran molecule were successfully synthesized. Their practical advantage was shown by the example that the asialofetuin oligosaccharide-dextran conjugate has much higher affinity to Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA-I) than asialofetuin oligosaccharide itself or asialofetuin. The conjugates were further labeled with fluorescent reagent or biotinylation reagent containing a hydrazino group by the use of the unreacted aldehyde groups of the oxidized dextran, yielding probes with similar densities of fluorophores or biotin groups. Direct binding of the biotinylated asialofetuin oligosaccharide-dextran probe to RCA-I coated on the titer plate at a concentration of 50 ng/50 microl was easily detected using 50 fmol (as oligosaccharides) of the probe. The method for the synthesis of dextran-based oligosaccharide probes will facilitate the investigation of carbohydrate-mediated molecular interactions based on the native oligosaccharide structures.

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S5502
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