Trichlorfon induces spindle disturbances in V79 cells and aneuploidy in male mouse germ cells.

PMID 10640526


In order to assess the effects of trichlorfon on cell division and on aneuploidy induction, we conducted an in vitro assay for spindle disturbances using V79 cells and an in vivo assay for aneuploidy induction in meiosis of male mice using multicolour fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with epididymal sperm. In the in vitro assay, the chemical caused a concentration-dependent increase in the incidence of initial and full c-mitoses in the dose range 40-120 microg/ml trichlorfon. The mitotic index (MI) was decreased between 40 and 100 microg/ml trichlorfon, whereas at 120 microg/ml the MI was back to the control level, coinciding with the dramatic increase in c-mitoses. The results confirm that trichlorfon is a potent spindle poison in V79 cells. In the in vivo multicolour FISH assay, administration of trichlorfon to male mice at single doses of 200, 300 and 405 mg/kg caused a dose-dependent increase of the frequencies of disomic sperm (0.068, 0.074 and 0.134%, respectively) compared with the corresponding controls (0.046, 0.042 and 0.056%, respectively). The prevalence of X-X-8 and Y-Y-8 sperm suggests that trichlorfon affected chromosome segregation predominantly during the second meiotic division. Diploid sperm were not induced by trichlorfon treatment, indicating that no meiotic block occurred. It is concluded that trichlorfon is a potent spindle poison in V79 cells and induces aneuploidy in mouse spermatocytes during meiosis.

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Trichlorfon, PESTANAL®, analytical standard