Journal of cell science

Migration of human vascular smooth muscle cells involves serum-dependent repeated cytosolic calcium transients.

PMID 10652258


Migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) is a key event in the formation of neointima during atherosclerosis. Fura-2 loaded VSMCs were used to investigate calcium homeostasis during cell migration. Multiple spontaneous transient increases in cytosolic free calcium [Ca(2+)](i)were observed in single human VSMCs migrating on type I collagen. Such [Ca(2+)](i)transients were dependent on the presence of serum or PDGF-BB. Removal of serum, or loading cells with BAPTA, abolished the transients and decreased cell migration speed. The transients were not affected by disruption of cell polarization by dihydrocytochalasin B. Adhesion was used to investigate the specific role of cell-substrate interactions in the generation of transients. Transients are seen in VSMCs adhering either on collagen or on poly-L-lysine, suggesting that generation of transients is not strictly dependent on integrins. Buffering [Ca(2+)](i) with BAPTA led to accumulation of (beta)1 integrins at the cellular tail, and to increased release of integrin on the extracellular matrix. These results demonstrate a role for [Ca(2+)](i) transients in the rapid, serum-dependent migration of VSMCs. These [Ca(2+)](i)transients are present in migrating VSMCs only when two simultaneous events occur: (1) substrate independent spreading and (2) stimulation of cells by serum components such as PDGF-BB.

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Dihydrocytochalasin B