Nucleic acids research

Protein sequences conserved in prokaryotic aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are important for the activity of the processivity factor of human mitochondrial DNA polymerase.

PMID 10666468


Previous studies have shown that the small subunit of Xenopus DNA polymerase gamma (pol gammaB) acts as a processivity factor to stimulate the 140 kDa catalytic subunit of human DNA polymerase gamma. A putative human pol gammaB initially identified by analysis of DNA sequence had not been shown to be functional, and appeared to be an incomplete clone. In this paper, we report the cloning of full-length human and mouse pol gammaB. Both human and mouse pol gammaB proteins were expressed in their mature forms, without their apparent mitochondrial localization signals, and shown to stimulate processivity of the recombinant catalytic subunit of human pol gammaA. Deletion analysis of human pol gammaB indicated that blocks of sequence conserved with prokaryotic class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are necessary for activity and inter-action with human pol gammaA. Purification of DNA pol gamma from HeLa cells indicated that both proteins are associated in vivo.