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Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

NPS 1506, a novel NMDA receptor antagonist and neuroprotectant. Review of preclinical and clinical studies.


PMID 10668449

Abstract

NPS 1506 is a moderate affinity, uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist. NPS 1506 is neuroprotective in rodent models of ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and head trauma, with a 2-hr window of opportunity. Neuroprotectant doses of NPS 1506 ranged from approximately 0.1-1.0 mg/kg, with peak plasma concentrations ranging from 8-80 ng/mL. Even at doses producing behavioral toxicity, NPS 1506 did not elicit MK-801-like behaviors, did not generalize to phencyclidine (PCP), and did not elicit neuronal vacuolization. In a Phase I study, intravenous (i.v.) doses of NPS 1506 from 5-100 mg were well tolerated and provided plasma concentrations in excess of those required for neuroprotection in rodents. Adverse events at the 100-mg dose included mild dizziness and lightheadedness, and mild to moderate ataxia. Neither PCP-like psychotomimetic effects nor cardiovascular effects were noted. The long plasma half-life of NPS 1506 (approximately 60 hr) suggests that a single i.v. dose will provide prolonged neuroprotection in humans.

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