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Cancer research

Down-regulation of the insulin-like growth factor I receptor by antisense RNA can reverse the transformed phenotype of human cervical cancer cell lines.


PMID 10676665

Abstract

The insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) plays an essential role in the establishment and maintenance of transformed phenotype, and interference with the IGF-IR pathway by antisense or dominant-negative mutants causes reversal of the transformed phenotype in many rodent and human tumor cell lines. We stably transfected an IGF-IR antisense mRNA expression plasmid into human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative C33a cell line, HPV-16-positive SiHa cell line, and HPV-18-positive HeLa S3 cell line to determine whether the IGF-IR could be a target for cervical cancer cells, especially in the presence of HPV. Approximately 30-80% down-regulation of IGF-IR expression was observed by Western blot in antisense transfected clones. There was a little inhibition in monolayer growth in all cell lines. In C33a cells, wild-type and sense clones formed 92-146 colonies in soft agar after 3 weeks; antisense clones formed <12 colonies. In SiHa cells, wild-type and sense clones formed approximately 60 colonies after 5 weeks; antisense clones formed 0-3 colonies. In HeLa S3 cells, wild-type and sense clones formed 218-291 colonies in soft agar after 2 weeks; antisense clones formed 14-160 colonies. There was a good correlation between IGF-IR down-regulation level and inhibition of transformation in soft agar. Tumorigenesis in nude mice was strongly inhibited in HeLa S3 and SiHa clones transfected with the antisense. These results indicate that down-regulation of IGF-IR by antisense RNA can reverse the transformed phenotype of human cervical cancer cells, even when harboring malignant type HPVs.

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HeLa S3, 87110901