The Journal of biological chemistry

Syntaxin 7 mediates endocytic trafficking to late endosomes.

PMID 10692457


The lysosome functions are ensured by accurate membrane trafficking in the cell. We found that mouse syntaxin 7 could complement yeast vam3 and pep12 mutants defective in docking/fusion to vacuolar and prevacuolar membranes, respectively. Immunohistochemical studies showed that syntaxin 7 is localized to late endosomes, but not to early endosomes. Induced expression of mutant syntaxin 7 blocked endocytic transport from early to late endosomes but did not block the transport of cathepsin D and lamp-2 from the trans-Golgi network to lysosomes. Thus, syntaxin 7 mediates the endocytic trafficking from early endosomes to late endosomes and lysosomes. These results also suggest that the biosynthetic pathway utilizes a different machinery from that of the endocytic pathway in the docking/fusion to late endosomes.