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British journal of pharmacology

Pharmacologic characterization of the oxytocin receptor in human uterine smooth muscle cells.


PMID 10694212

Abstract

[(3)H]-oxytocin was used to characterize the oxytocin receptor found in human uterine smooth muscle cells (USMC). Specific binding of [(3)H]-oxytocin to USMC plasma membranes was dependent upon time, temperature and membrane protein concentration. Scatchard plot analysis of equilibrium binding data revealed the existence of a single class of high-affinity binding sites with an apparent equilibrium dissociation constant (K(d)) of 0.76 nM and a maximum receptor density (B(max)) of 153 fmol mg(-1) protein. The Hill coefficient (n(H)) did not differ significantly from unity, suggesting binding to homogenous, non-interacting receptor populations. Competitive inhibition of [(3)H]-oxytocin binding showed that oxytocin and vasopressin (AVP) receptor agonists and antagonists displaced [(3)H]-oxytocin in a concentration-dependent manner. The order of potencies for peptide agonists and antagonists was: oxytocin>[Asu(1,6)]-oxytocin>AVP= atosiban>d(CH(2))(5)Tyr(Me)AVP>[Thr(4),Gly(7)]-oxytocin>dDAVP, and for nonpeptide antagonists was: L-371257>YM087>SR 49059>OPC-21268>SR 121463A>OPC-31260. Oxytocin significantly induced concentration-dependent increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and hyperplasia in USMC. The oxytocin receptor antagonists, atosiban and L-371257, potently and concentration-dependently inhibited oxytocin-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase and hyperplasia. In contrast, the V(1A) receptor selective antagonist, SR 49059, and the V(2) receptor selective antagonist, SR 121463A, did not potently inhibit oxytocin-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase and hyperplasia. The potency order of antagonists in inhibiting oxytocin-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase and hyperplasia was similar to that observed in radioligand binding assays. In conclusion, these data provide evidence that the high-affinity [(3)H]-oxytocin binding site found in human USMC is a functional oxytocin receptor coupled to [Ca(2+)](i) increase and cell growth. Thus human USMC may prove to be a valuable tool in further investigation of the physiologic and pathophysiologic roles of oxytocin in the uterus. British Journal of Pharmacology (2000) 129, 131 - 139

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