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Electrophoresis

New carrier electrolytes for the separation of chlorophenols by capillary electrophoresis.


PMID 10726767

Abstract

Optimum conditions for the separation of positional isomers of chlorophenols by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) were established. The behavior of five volatile electrolytes (L-cysteic acid, 3-amino-1-propanesulfonic acid, aminomethanesulfonic acid, diethylmalonic acid, and ammonium acetate) was compared. The best performance based on low electrophoretic current and high separation efficiency was obtained for diethylmalonic acid as working electrolyte. The influence of pH on the separation, using both uncoated fused-silica capillaries and modified capillaries (NaAMPS from EKT) with anionic coating, was discussed. Moreover, the effect of electrolyte concentration and applied voltage using fused-silica capillaries was studied. The optimum CZE conditions that allowed the separation of 16 chlorophenols were 20 kV, 30 mM diethylmaIonic acid, pH 7.25, and uncoated fused-silica capillary. Figures of merit such as run-to-run and day-to-day precision, linearity, and limits of detection were calculated.

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