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Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin

Structural studies of C-amidated amino acids and peptides: crystal structures of Z-Gly-Phe-NH2, Tyr-Lys-NH2, and Asp-Phe-NH2.


PMID 10726861

Abstract

As part of the series investigating the structural features of C-terminal amidated amino acids and peptides, three crystal structures of Z-Gly-Phe-NH2, Tyr-Lys-NH2, and Asp-Phe-NH2 were analyzed by the X-ray diffraction method, and their molecular conformations and intermolecular interactions were investigated. Although the respective dipeptides exhibited an energetically allowable torsion angle concerning each backbone or side chain, the observed extended (Z-Gly-Phe-NH2, Asp-Phe-NH2) and folded (Tyr-Lys-NH2) conformations were considerably different from those of the corresponding unamidated peptides, due to the conformational flexibility of the respective dipeptides. The comparison between the crystal packings of the amidated and unamidated dipeptides indicated that the C-terminal amides tend to associate with the same neighboring group through hydrogen bonds, in which both the amide NH and O=C groups participate, while the unamidated peptides prefer a linear molecular connection, where both or either of the two carboxyl oxygens participate in the hydrogen bond formation. The difference in hydrogen bonding ability between the C-terminal amide and carboxyl groups has been considered to be based on the structural data of the related peptides analyzed so far.

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