Acta biologica Hungarica

The effect of beta-chloro D-alanine and L-cycloserine on the serine, phosphorus and palmitic acid uptake and metabolism of Tetrahymena lipids.

PMID 10735173


The serine palmitoyltransferase inhibitors beta-chloro-D-alanine and L-cycloserine resulted in the uptake and metabolism of 3H-serine, 3H-palmitic acid and 32P significant alterations in the unicellular Tetrahymena pyriformis GL as compared to the untreated cells. In contrast with the higher eukariotic cells, by these treatments - except 5 mM L-cycloserine - the ceramide formation were not inhibited in Tetrahymena. L-cycloserine inhibited the conversion of phosphatidylserine (PS) to phosphatidyl-ethanolamine (PE) by decarboxylation, and the conversion of PE to phosphatidylcoline (PC) by methylation. The shorter L-cycloserine treatments caused lower, and the longer treatments higher label in glycerophospholipids. beta-chloro-D-alanine resulted in the glycerophospholids higher lipid precursor incorporation both in the shorter and longer treatments. Presumably beta-chloro-D-alanine treatments inhibit the transaminase activity, and the higher concentration (5 and 10 mM) proved to be toxic for Tetrahymena. We found differences between the metabolism of serine and palmitic acid labeled lipids in the beta-chloro-D-alanine and L-cycloserine treated groups. This phenomenon is probably due to a difference in the uptake of phospholipid head group component serine and hydrophobic tail precursor palmitic acid: the incorporation of palmitic acid in Tetrahymena is extremely quick, on the other hand, the uptake of serine is slower, a clear time dependence was measured.

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β-Chloro-D-alanine hydrochloride
C3H6ClNO2 · HCl
β-Chloro-L-alanine hydrochloride, Alanine aminotransferase inhibitor
C3H6ClNO2 · HCl