The Journal of biological chemistry

NF-Y and Sp1 cooperate for the transcriptional activation and cAMP response of human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2.

PMID 10764764


The balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) is a key determinant in the homeostasis of the extracellular matrix. We have identified two cis-acting elements involved in the transcriptional regulation of TIMP-2. The first is an inverted CCAAT box located at position -73 to -69 in the TIMP-2 promoter that binds the transcription factor NF-Y. The second is a GAGGAGGGGG motif located at position -107 to -98, that binds the transcription factors Sp1 and Sp3. NF-Y and Sp1 cooperate for the basal transcription activity of the promoter. We then determined that TIMP-2 is transcriptionally up-regulated by cAMP analogs. Up-regulation of TIMP-2 by dibutyryl cAMP is a delayed response that requires de novo protein synthesis and does not affect RNA stability. The NF-Y and the Sp1 binding site are both involved in cAMP-dependent up-regulation of TIMP-2. Whereas NF-Y is essential for cAMP mediated regulation, Sp1 alone is not sufficient but enhances the activity of NF-Y. Dibutyryl cAMP has no effect on the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 and switches the MMP-TIMP balance in favor of the inhibitor.