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The Journal of biological chemistry

Cloning and expression of secretagogin, a novel neuroendocrine- and pancreatic islet of Langerhans-specific Ca2+-binding protein.


PMID 10811645

Abstract

We have cloned a novel pancreatic beta cell and neuroendocrine cell-specific calcium-binding protein termed secretagogin. The cDNA obtained by immunoscreening a human pancreatic cDNA library using the recently described murine monoclonal antibody D24 contains an open reading frame of 828 base pairs. This codes for a cytoplasmic protein with six putative EF finger hand calcium-binding motifs. The gene could be localized to chromosome 6 by alignment with GenBank genomic sequence data. Northern blot analysis demonstrated abundant expression of this protein in the pancreas and to a lesser extent in the thyroid, adrenal medulla, and cortex. In addition it was expressed in scant quantity in the gastrointestinal tract (stomach, small intestine, and colon). Thyroid tissue expression of secretagogin was restricted to C-cells. Using a sandwich capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with a detection limit of 6.5 pg/ml, considerable amounts of constitutively secreted protein could be measured in tissue culture supernatants of stably transfected RIN-5F and dog insulinoma (INS-H1) cell clones; however, in stably transfected Jurkat cells, the protein was only secreted upon CD3 stimulation. Functional analysis of transfected cell lines expressing secretagogin revealed an influence on calcium flux and cell proliferation. In RIN-5F cells, the antiproliferative effect is possibly due to secretagogin-triggered down-regulation of substance P transcription.

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MAB5622 Anti-Secretagogin Antibody