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Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin

Preparation of monoclonal antibody against ginsenoside Rf and its enzyme immunoassay.


PMID 10823656

Abstract

A rapid and sensitive indirect competitive enzyme immunoassay method has been developed for quantitating ginsenoside Rf (Rf) in crude total Panax ginseng saponins and in rat plasma using high titer mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb) raised against a conjugate of Rf and bovine serum albumin (BSA). The isotype of mAb against Rf was IgG3 with a K chain. The presence of Rf inhibited the binding of the mouse anti-Rf mAb to a Rf-BSA solid phase coating antigen. The working range was 0.01-10 ng/assay and detection limits were 20 pg in various ginseng extract fractions or 34 pg in rat plasma per assay. The anti-Rf mAb cross-reacted with ginsenoside Rg2 by 57.5%, but not with other ginsenosides. However, this anti-Rf mAb did not cross-react with BSA or cellubiose, which is a carbohydrate component of Rf. Using this standard curve, we could measure the amount of Rf in ginseng total extract, ginseng total saponins, protopanaxadiol saponins, and propanaxatriol saponins. We could also measure the amount of Rf in rat plasma after the oral administration of Rf and found that Rf reached a maximum level in rat plasma after 16 h. These results indicate that the anti-Rf mAb could be useful for the quantitation of Rf in crude ginseng fractions and in body fluids.

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