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Applied biochemistry and biotechnology

Amidase and peptidase activities of polyclonal immunoglobulin G present in the sera of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.


PMID 10826953

Abstract

Polyclonal Immunoglobulin (Ig) G from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy subjects hydrolyzed carbobenzoxy-Val-Gly-Arg p-nitroanilide and D-Pro-Phe-Arg p-nitroanilide. RA IgG exhibited higher activity against the former substrate, but not the latter. On the other hand, RA IgG showed reduced activity against D-Pro-Phe-Arg methylcoumarinamide, when compared with those of the healthy controls. These results suggest that RA IgGs differ from normal IgGs in the substrate specificity of amidase activity. Preliminary studies have shown that two out of three RA IgG samples cleaved a pentapeptide--Gln-Arg-Arg-Ala-Ala--which is assumed to be associated with the risk of developing RA (Gregersen, P. K. et al. (1987), Arthritis Rheum. 30, 1205-1213). By contrast, virtually no cleavage of the same peptide was observed with IgG from healthy controls. A peptide analog, Gln-Arg-Arg-Trp-Ala, was not cleaved at all by any IgGs examined either from RA patients or healthy controls.

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P9273
Pro-Phe-Arg-7-amido-4-methylcoumarin, ≥95%
C30H37N7O5