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Journal of dental research

MALDI-TOF MS analysis of a library of polymerizable cyclodextrin derivatives.


PMID 10831091

Abstract

Polymerizable cyclodextrin derivatives (PCDs) have been proposed as candidates for use in dental therapeutics (Bowen, 1996; Bowen and Reed, 1997). Here, PCD "libraries" were synthesized by quasi-random reactions of 6 moles of methacrylic anhydride plus 6 moles of cyclic glutaric anhydride per mole of beta-cyclodextrin (BCD) in solution. BCD has 21 reactive sites on each of its molecules. These proportions were based on probability calculations, which predicted that the products should have a minimum of 2 polymerizable substituents and acidic ligand groups on practically every one of the diverse product molecules. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) time of flight (TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) gave valuable information regarding the masses of molecular ions representing the molecules that made up the PCD libraries. For the MALDI-TOF MS analyses, small samples were analyzed by the successive application of 3 solutions to the sample holder: the matrix in acetone, the products in water, and sodium trifluoroacetate in water. The resulting spectra had > 40 envelopes of mass peaks above background. The ionic-abundance peak heights had quasi-Gaussian configurations, with central peaks having masses in the neighborhood of 2000 g/mol (Daltons). Regardless of structural permutations within each peak, the range of these peaks was between about 1500 g/mol and 2900 g/mol. This range of masses was in accord with, but perhaps somewhat more narrow than, that predicted by the statistical method, which was based on equal reactivity of all hydroxyl groups. Analysis by MALDI-TOF MS gave valuable data regarding the masses, structures, and characteristics of the products formed and provided unanticipated information to facilitate improvements in future PCD syntheses.

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