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Journal of the South African Veterinary Association

Relative bioavailability of rafoxanide following intraruminal and intra-abomasal administration in sheep.


PMID 10855825

Abstract

The bioavailability of rafoxanide was compared after intraruminal and intra-abomasal administration in healthy adult sheep (n = 6) in a single dose, 2 parallel group study at 7.5 mg/kg. Rafoxanide concentrations in plasma were measured by means of HPLC analysis. Primary pharmacokinetic parameters for bioavailability and disposition of rafoxanide in plasma for both routes of administration were determined by non-compartmental and non-linear, 1-compartmental pharmacokinetic analysis, respectively. Significantly (P < or = 0.05) higher peak plasma concentrations (c(max)) of rafoxanide and a more rapid rate of absorption (c. 3.5 times) was observed in sheep after intra-abomasal (i-a) administration compared to intraruminal (i.r.) administration. A significantly (P < or = 0.05) longer lag period (t(lag)) before absorption (6.8 +/- 2.9 h) occurred after i.r. than after i-a treatment (1.9 +/- 0.6 h). There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in AUC, MRT and in the rates of elimination (k10-HL and t(1/2beta)) between the i.r. and i-a routes of administration. The results of the study demonstrated the important influence of the rumino-reticulum on absorption of rafoxanide in sheep.

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