Chlorobenzenes and hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) in the atmosphere of Bitterfeld and Leipzig (Germany).

PMID 10864157


Concentrations of tetrachlorobenzenes, pentachlorobenzene, hexachlorobenzene and alpha-, beta-, gamma- and delta-HCH in air and deposition were measured at three different contaminated sites in Greppin, Roitzsch (both near Bitterfeld) and Leipzig during five time intervals of 14 days in the summer months of 1998. The mean values of the chlorobenzene concentrations (gas phase and particle bound portions) over the whole sampling time were 0.11 ng/Nm3 (Leipzig), 0.17 ng/Nm3 (Roitzsch) and 0.37 ng/Nm3 (Greppin), the mean values of the HCH concentrations were 0.22 ng/Nm3 (Leipzig), 0.31 ng/Nm3 (Roitzsch) and 0.69 ng/Nm3 (Greppin). This increase of the concentration values from Leipzig over Roitzsch to Greppin indicates the influences of industrial waste sites in the Bitterfeld region on the atmospheric environment. The significantly higher values of hexachlorobenzene, alpha- and beta-HCH in Greppin are probably caused by emissions from the former chemical plant Bitterfeld-Wolfen and the landfill 'Antonie' near Greppin. Compared with literature data from other industrial impacted areas the measured air concentration and deposition values are relatively low.