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Journal of biochemical and biophysical methods

Enantiomer separation by complexation SFC on immobilized Chirasil-nickel and Chirasil-zinc.


PMID 10869678

Abstract

The use of complexation SFC for enantiomer separation of Lewis base selectands on chiral nickel(II)- and zinc(II)-bis[(3-heptafluorobutanoyl)-10-methylene-(1R)-camphora te] chemically bonded to poly(dimethylsiloxane) (Chirasil-nickel and Chirasil-zinc) and employed as Lewis acid selectors is described. The method is especially suited for less volatile and configurationally labile racemates. The variation of the experimental parameters temperature T, pressure p and density rho of the mobile phase carbon dioxide on the retention factor k, relative retention r and chiral separation factor alpha is studied, providing insights into the mechanisms of chiral recognition under supercritical conditions. For mecoprop methyl ester (methyl 2-(4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy)propanoate) an unusual increase of alpha at increased temperature is observed on Chirasil-nickel. Supercritical carbon dioxide does not inadvertently affect the complexation equilibria between Lewis donor selectands and the Lewis acid metal selectors during complexation SFC.

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