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Biochemistry and cell biology = Biochimie et biologie cellulaire

Is ATP a substrate for 15-lipoxygenase?


PMID 10874469

Abstract

Lipoxygenases catalyze peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids containing the 1-cis, 4-cis pentadiene structure. Linoleic (18:2), linolenic (18:3), and arachidonic (20:4) acids are the predominant substrates for this class of enzymes. Effects of 15-lipoxygenase on the hydrolysis of adenosine 5'-triphosphate were investigated in vitro using soybean lipoxygenase and adenosine 5'-[gamma-32P]triphosphate. The amount of inorganic phosphate released from adenosine 5'-triphosphate was dependent upon enzyme as well as substrate concentrations, pH, and the duration of incubation. The ATPase activity with a Vmax value of 3.3 mumol.mg protein-1.h-1 and a Km value of 5.9 mM was noted in the presence of different concentrations of ATP at pH = 7.4. Phenidone, a lipoxygenase inhibitor, had no effect on this reaction. These findings suggest that soybean lipoxygenase catalyzes the release of inorganic phosphate from ATP primarily via hydrolysis.

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