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Archives of pharmacal research

Enantioselective preparation of metoprolol and its major metabolites.


PMID 10896052

Abstract

To obtain the standard compounds of metoprolol for a pharmacokinetic study, a convenient synthetic procedure to prepare enantiomers of metoprolol (3a) and its major metabolites, 2-4-(2-hydroxy-3-isopropylamino)propoxyphenylethanol (3b) and 4-(2-hydroxy-3-isopropylamino)propoxyphenylacetic acid (4), was developed from their respective starting materials, 4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenol (1a), 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)phenol (1b) and methyl 4-hydroxyphenylacetate (1c). These phenolic compounds (1a, b, c) were converted in situ to their corresponding phenoxides with sodium hydroxide treatment followed by (R)- or (S)-epichlorohydrin treatment. The resulting epoxides 2 were transformed to 3 through reaction with isopropylamine. Ester 3c was hydrolyzed to the metabolite 4. Measured using the HPLC method on chiral column without any derivatization, the optical purity of enantiomers of metoprolol and o-demethylated metabolite 3b ranged between 96-99% ee and that of enantiomers of carboxylic acid metabolite 4 ranged 91% ee.

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