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Journal of biochemistry

Membrane-bound D-gluconate dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Purification and structure of cytochrome-binding form.


PMID 109426

Abstract

A membrane-bound D-gluconate dehydrogenase [EC 1.1.99.3] was solubilized from membranes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and purified to a homogeneous state with the aid of detergents. The solubilized enzyme was a monomer in the presence of at least 0.1% Triton X-100, having a molecular weight of 138,000 on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis or 124,000--131,000 on sucrose density gradient centrifugation. In the absence of Triton X-100, the enzyme became dimeric, having a molecular weight of 240,000--260,000 on sucrose density gradient centrifugation. Removal of Triton X-100 caused a decrease in enzyme activity. Enzyme activity was stimulated by addition of phospholipid, particularly cardiolipin, in the presence of Triton X-100. The enzyme had a cytochrome c1, c-554(551), which might be a diheme cytochrome, and it also contained a covalently bound flavin but not ubiquinone. In the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate, the enzyme was dissociated into three components with molecular weights of 66,000, 50,000, and 22,000. The components of 66,000 and 50,000 daltons corresponded to a flavoprotein and cytochrome c1, respectively, but that of 22,000 dalton remained unclear as to its function.