Journal of lipid research

Lipid peroxides induce expression of catalase in cultured vascular cells.

PMID 10946007


Various forms of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (Ox-LDL) are thought to play a major role in the development of atherosclerosis. The lipid components of Ox-LDL present a plethora of proatherogenic effects in in vitro cell culture systems, suggesting that oxidative stress could be an important risk factor for coronary artery disease. However, buried among these effects are those that could be interpreted as antiatherogenic. The present study demonstrates that various oxidants, including oxidized fatty acids and mildly oxidized forms of LDL (MO-LDL), are able to induce catalase (an antioxidant enzyme) expression in rabbit femoral arterial smooth muscle cells (RFASMC), RAW cells (macrophages), and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). In RFASMC, catalase protein, mRNA, and the enzyme activity are increased in response to oxidized linoleic acid (13-hydroperoxy-9,11-octadecadienoic acid [13-HPODE] and 13-hydroxy-9,11-octadecadienoic acid [13-HODE]), MO-LDL, or hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). Such an increase in catalase gene expression cannot totally be attributed to the cellular response to an intracellular generation of H(2)O(2) after the addition of 13-HPODE or 13-HODE because these agents induce a further increase of catalase as seen in catalase-transfected RFASMC. Taken together with the induction of heme oxygenase, NO synthase, manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD), and glutathione synthesis by oxidative stress, our results provide yet more evidence suggesting that a moderate oxidative stress can induce cellular antioxidant response in vascular cells, and thereby could be beneficial for preventing further oxidative stress.