The Journal of biological chemistry

Interferon-inducible Myc/STAT-interacting protein Nmi associates with IFP 35 into a high molecular mass complex and inhibits proteasome-mediated degradation of IFP 35.

PMID 10950963


Nmi is an interferon (IFN)-inducible protein homologous to IFN-inducible protein IFP 35. The homology consists of a novel Nmi/IFP 35 domain (NID) of 90-92 amino acids that is repeated in tandem in each protein and mediates Nmi-Nmi protein interactions and subcellular localization. In a yeast two-hybrid screen with a fragment of Nmi protein containing both NIDs, we identified an interaction between Nmi and IFP 35. Deletion derivatives of the proteins indicate that both NIDs are required for the interaction between Nmi and IFP 35. In mammalian cells, Nmi and IFP 35 co-immunoprecipitate and co-localize in large cytoplasmic speckles. Nmi and IFP 35 proteins associate into a high molecular mass complex of 300-400 kDa as determined by native gel electrophoresis and gel filtration. The association of Nmi and IFP 35 into a complex can be demonstrated in multiple cell lines and is not dependent on treatment with IFN. Short term and long term cultures of transfected HEK293 cells suggest that Nmi and IFP 35 proteins stabilize each other through complex formation. IFP 35 appears to be more labile because Nmi was stable in the absence of IFP 35, whereas IFP 35 was degraded in the absence of Nmi. A deletion analysis revealed that Nmi must interact with IFP 35 to prevent its degradation and that the amino terminus of Nmi is required, but not sufficient, for this function. Inhibition of the proteasome, but not other proteases, led to increased levels of IFP 35. Thus, we have shown that Nmi and IFP 35 associate into a protein complex, that IFP 35 is degraded in a proteasome-mediated process, and that a novel function of Nmi is to prevent IFP 35 degradation. The stabilization of IFP 35 by Nmi may serve to amplify the physiologic effects of IFNs.