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Cellular signalling

Activation of particulate guanylate cyclase by adrenomedullin in cultured SV-40 transformed cat iris sphincter smooth muscle (SV-CISM-2) cells.


PMID 10989285

Abstract

We investigated the effects of adrenomedullin (ADM) on cGMP production in cultured SV-40 transformed cat iris sphincter smooth muscle (SV-CISM-2) cells. ADM increased cGMP accumulation in a time- and concentration- dependent manner. The peptide increased cGMP formation in the transformed cells by 405-fold as compared to 1. 6-fold in primary cultured CISM cells. The basal cGMP concentrations in both cell types were comparable. In addition, ADM increased cAMP accumulation in SV-CISM-2 cells and in primary cultured cells by 18. 9- and 5.8-fold, respectively. The ADM receptor antagonist, ADM(26-52), but not the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptor antagonist, anantin, inhibited ADM-induced cGMP formation. The phorbol ester, phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate (PDBu), which inhibits particulate guanylate cyclases in smooth muscle, blocked ADM-stimulated cGMP accumulation. In contrast, inhibitors of the soluble guanylate cyclases, such as LY83583 and ODQ, and inhibitors of the nitric oxide cascade had little effect on ADM-stimulated cGMP production. The stimulatory effect of ADM on cGMP formation is due to activation of the guanylate cyclase system and not to a much reduced phosphodiesterase activity. ADM stimulated guanylate cyclase activity in membrane fractions isolated from SV-CISM-2 cells in a concentration-dependent manner with EC(50) value of 72 nM. Pertussis toxin, an activator of the G-protein, Gi, inhibited ADM-stimulated cGMP accumulation, whereas cholera toxin, a stimulator of the Gs G-protein and subsequently cAMP accumulation, had little effect. Pretreatment of the plasma membrane fraction with Gialpha antibody attenuated ADM-stimulated guanylate cyclase activity by 75%. We conclude that ADM increases intracellular cGMP levels in SV-CISM-2 cells through activation of the ADM receptor and subsequent stimulation of a Gi-mediated membrane-bound guanylate cyclase.