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Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research

Reactive oxygen species are critical for the growth and differentiation of medullary thyroid carcinoma cells.


PMID 10999773

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species have recently been demonstrated to play a role in numerous cellular signal transduction pathways. Here we investigate the involvement of H2O2 in Raf-1-mediated differentiation in the human medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) cell line TT:deltaRaf-1:ER. Catalase, but not Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase, completely inhibited Raf-1-induced differentiation of beta-estradiol-treated TT: deltaRaf-1:ER. In addition, catalase treatment down-regulated RET expression at both the mRNA and protein levels and induced apoptosis in the parental TT cell line and uninduced TT:deltaRaf-1:ER human MTC cells. These results implicate H2O2 as a downstream mediator of c-Raf-1-induced differentiation and as a survival factor in MTC cells.

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