EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology

Effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid on secretagogue-induced exocrine secretion of isolated, perfused rat pancreas.


PMID 11005753

Abstract

Because GABA and its related enzymes have been determined in beta-cells of pancreas islets, effects of GABA on pancreatic exocrine secretion were investigated in the isolated, perfused rat pancreas. GABA, given intra-arterially at concentrations of 3, 10, 30, and 100 microM, did not exert any influence on spontaneous or secretin (12 pM)-induced pancreatic exocrine secretion. However, GABA further elevated CCK (10 pM)-, gastrin-releasing peptide (100 pM)-, or electrical field stimulation-induced pancreatic secretions of fluid and amylase dose dependently. The GABA (30 microM)-enhanced CCK-induced pancreatic secretions were completely blocked by bicuculline (10 microM), a GABA(A) receptor antagonist, but were not affected by saclofen (10 microM), a GABA(B) receptor antagonist. The enhancing effects of GABA (30 microM) on CCK-induced pancreatic secretions were not changed by tetrodotoxin (1 microM) but were partially reduced by cyclo-(7-aminoheptanonyl-Phe-D-Trp-Lys-Thr[BZL]) (10 nM), a somatostatin antagonist. In conclusion, GABA enhances pancreatic exocrine secretion induced by secretagogues, which predominantly induce enzyme secretion, via GABA(A) receptors in the rat pancreas. The enhancing effect of GABA is partially mediated by inhibition of islet somatostatin release.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

C4801
Cyclo(7-aminoheptanoyl-Phe-D-Trp-Lys-Thr[Bzl]), ≥95% (HPLC), powder
C44H57N7O6