Preparation and structural determination of dermatan sulfate-derived oligosaccharides.

PMID 11030749


Eight oligosaccharides were prepared from dermatan sulfate (DS) and their structures were elucidated. Porcine intestinal mucosal DS was subjected to controlled depolymerization using chondroitin ABC lyase (chondroitinase ABC). The oligosaccharide mixture formed was fractionated by low-pressure gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Size uniform mixtures of disaccharides, tetrasaccharides, hexasaccharides, octasaccharides, decasaccharides, and dodecasaccharides were obtained. Each size-fractionated mixture was then purified on the basis of charge by repetitive semi-preparative strong-anion-exchange (SAX) high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). This approach has led to the isolation of six homogeneous oligosaccharides. The size of the oligosaccharides were determined using GPC-HPLC. Treatment of tetrasaccharide and hexasaccharide fragments with Hg(OAc)2 afforded trisaccharide and pentasaccharide products, respectively. The purity of the oligosaccharides obtained was confirmed by analytical SAX-HPLC, and capillary electrophoresis (CE). The molecular mass and degree of sulfation of the eight purified oligosaccharides were elucidated using electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry and their structures were established with high field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. These DS-oligosaccharides are currently being used to study for interaction of the DS with biologically important proteins.