Journal of bacteriology

Conversion of 4-hydroxyacetophenone into 4-phenyl acetate by a flavin adenine dinucleotide-containing Baeyer-Villiger-type monooxygenase.

PMID 11073896


An arylketone monooxygenase was purified from Pseudomonas putida JD1 by ion exchange and affinity chromatography. It had the characteristics of a Baeyer-Villiger-type monooxygenase and converted its substrate, 4-hydroxyacetophenone, into 4-hydroxyphenyl acetate with the consumption of one molecule of oxygen and oxidation of one molecule of NADPH per molecule of substrate. The enzyme was a monomer with an M(r) of about 70,000 and contained one molecule of flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). The enzyme was specific for NADPH as the electron donor, and spectral studies showed rapid reduction of the FAD by NADPH but not by NADH. Other arylketones were substrates, including acetophenone and 4-hydroxypropiophenone, which were converted into phenyl acetate and 4-hydroxyphenyl propionate, respectively. The enzyme displayed Michaelis-Menten kinetics with apparent K(m) values of 47 microM for 4-hydroxyacetophenone, 384 microM for acetophenone, and 23 microM for 4-hydroxypropiophenone. The apparent K(m) value for NADPH with 4-hydroxyacetophenone as substrate was 17.5 microM. The N-terminal sequence did not show any similarity to other proteins, but an internal sequence was very similar to part of the proposed NADPH binding site in the Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase cyclohexanone monooxygenase from an Acinetobacter sp.

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4′-Hydroxypropiophenone, 98%