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Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM

High-performance liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometric method for the analysis of catecholamines and metanephrines in human urine.


PMID 11085404

Abstract

An assay of norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), dopamine (DA), normetanephrine (NE) and metanephrine (MN) based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in combination with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (APcI-MS) is described. The catecholamines and metanephrines were extracted from urine and aqueous samples using Bio-Rex 70 cation-exchange resin and subjected to analysis by HPLC/APcI-MS. The separation was performed on a C18 column in 50 mM ammonium formate buffer, pH 3.0, using a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min. Acetonitrile was added post-column at a flow rate of 0.2 mL/min via a post-column addition tee. The total analysis time was 6.5 min. The quantitative analysis was performed using 3,4-dihydroxybenzylamine (DHBA) as the internal standard (I.S.). Selected ion monitoring detection was applied: m/z 170 (for NE), 184 (for E and NM), 154 (for DA), 198 (for MN) and 140 (for DHBA, I.S.). The limits of quantitation were 5 ng/mL for NE, E and DA and 2.5 ng/mL for NM and MN. The recovery ranged from 75 to 83% for each analyte. The method was found to be simple and highly selective for the determination of catecholamines and metanephrines in the urine of patients suspected of pheochromocytoma.

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