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Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM

Quantitative analysis of estrogens in human urine using gas chromatography/negative chemical ionisation mass spectrometry.


PMID 11085409

Abstract

A sensitive procedure for the determination of estrogens in urine has been developed, using enzymatic hydrolysis and ether extraction followed by capillary gas chromatography with negative chemical ionisation mass spectrometry (GC/NCI-MS) of the pentafluorobenzoyl derivatives. These derivatives were superior for GC/NCI-MS to trifluoroacetyl, heptafluorobutyl, pentadecafluorooctanoyl and perfluorotolyl derivatives, giving characteristic negative molecular ions as the base peak for each of the naturally occurring estrogens estrone, estradiol and estriol, and for the synthetic estrogen ethynylestradiol used in contraceptive pills. The method was also suitable for determination of some metabolites of estrone and estradiol. The specificity and sensitivity of the GC/NCI-MS method simplifies sample preparation. Recovery of spiked samples was in the range 84-101% for the natural estrogens based on additions to increase the concentration by 5 and 1 microg L(-1). The repeatability of the method was 1-8% for all estrogens.

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103772
2,3,4,5,6-Pentafluorobenzoyl chloride, 99%
C7ClF5O