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Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN

Induction of metalloproteinases by glomerular mesangial cells stimulated by proteins of the extracellular matrix.


PMID 11134254

Abstract

Human glomerular mesangial cells (HMC) are embedded in the mesangial matrix (MM) and control its turnover through a dynamic equilibrium between synthesis and degradation. Degradation is controlled by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), whose activity has been causally implicated in the progression of glomerular disease. In other systems, MMP secretion may be directly affected by exposure to specific matrix proteins. The present study, therefore, investigated the effect of different matrix components on the adherence of HMC and on their secretion and activation of the gelatinases MMP2 and MMP9. HMC adhered strongly (quantified using crystal violet staining) to collagen IV and collagen I (P < 0.01, relative to binding to control, bovine serum albumin (BSA)-coated wells) and to a lesser extent to gelatin IV and fibronectin (P < 0.05). Binding to vitronectin and laminin was not statistically different to control wells. After the addition of these matrix proteins (0.1 microg/ml to 100 microg/ml) to growth-arrested HMC for 72 h, zymography of the conditioned medium established that only fibronectin and collagens I and IV dose-dependently increased latent (72 kD) MMP2 secretion and activation. Fibronectin, however, also induced the secretion of MMP9. Membranes from HMC that had been co-cultured with fibronectin for 72 h were prepared to investigate whether the activation of MMP2 in this system was due to the action of membrane-type (MT)-MMP. When incubated with latent MMP2 for times up to 24 h, these membranes activated the enzyme in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The results demonstrate that specific matrix components increased the secretion of MMP2 and MMP9 from HMC. In addition, MT-MMP activity, selectively induced by fibronectin, was implicated in the activation of the secreted proteinases.

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