Redox report : communications in free radical research

Effect of ebselen on Ca2+ transport in mitochondria.

PMID 11140746


The seleno-organic compound ebselen mimics the glutathione-dependent, hydroperoxide reducing activity of glutathione peroxidase. The activity of glutathione peroxidase determines the rate of hydroperoxide-induced Ca2+ release from mitochondria. Ebselen stimulates Ca2+ release from mitochondria, accelerates mitochondrial respiration and uncoupling, and induces mitochondrial swelling, indicating a deterioration of mitochondrial function. These manifestations are abolished by cyclosporine A, a potent inhibitor of the mitochondrial permeability transition. However, when ebselen-induced Ca2+ cycling is prevented with ruthenium red, an inhibitor of the Ca2+ uniporter, or by chelation of extramitochondrial Ca2+ by EGTA, no detectable elevation of swelling or uncoupling is observed. The release of Ca2+ from mitochondria is delayed in the absence of rotenone, i.e. when pyridine nucleotides are maintained in the reduced state due to succinate-driven reversed electron flow. We suggest that ebselen induces Ca2+ release from intact mitochondria via an NAD+ hydrolysis-dependent mechanism.