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Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin

Constitutive beta-glucosidases hydrolyzing ginsenoside Rb1 and Rb2 from human intestinal bacteria.


PMID 11145182

Abstract

When ginsenoside Rb1 and Rb2 were anaerobically incubated with human intestinal microflora, these ginsenosides were metabolized to 20-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-20(S)-protopanaxadiol (compound K) and 20(S)-protopanaxadiol. Several kinds of intestinal bacteria hydrolyzed these ginsenosides. Eubacterium sp., Streptococcus sp. and Bifidobacterium sp., which more potently hydrolyzed gentiobiose than sophorose, metabolized ginsenoside Rb1 to compound K via ginsenoside Rd rather than gypenoside XVII. However, Fusobacterium K-60, which more potently hydrolyzed sophorose than gentiobiose, metabolized to compound K via gypenoside XVII. Ginsenoside Rb2 was also metabolized to compound K via ginsenoside Rd or compound O by human intestinal microflora. Eubacterium sp., Streptococcus sp. and Bifidobacterium sp. metabolized ginsenoside Rb2 to compound K via ginsenoside Rd rather than compound O. Fusobacterium K-60 metabolized ginsenoside Rb2 to compound K via compound O.

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