Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)

Induction of hyporesponsiveness and impaired T lymphocyte activation by the CD31 receptor:ligand pathway in T cells.

PMID 11160294


CD31 is a member of the Ig superfamily expressed on various cell types of the vasculature, including a certain subpopulation of T lymphocytes. Previous reports suggest that interaction of CD31 with its heterophilic ligand on T cells (T cell CD31 ligand) plays a regulatory role in T lymphocyte activation. Here we demonstrate that a soluble rCD31-receptorglobulin (CD31Rg) specifically down-regulated the proliferation of human peripheral blood CD31(-) T lymphocytes stimulated via CD3 and CD28 mAbs. Notably, engagement of the T cell CD31 ligand by CD31Rg during primary stimulation also induced a prolonged unresponsive state in T cells. Retroviral transduction of CD31 into CD31(-) Th clones resulted in a significant inhibition of their proliferative capacity. When cocultured with purified CD31(-) T lymphocytes, irradiated CD31-transduced Th clones counterregulated the CD3/CD28-mediated activation of these cells. Furthermore, primary stimulation in the presence of CD31-transduced Th clones induced a comparable state of hyporesponsiveness in the T cell responders as the soluble CD31Rg. Thus, by counterregulating the activation of cognate T lymphocytes, CD31-expressing T cells might contribute to the establishment and maintenance of peripheral tolerance.