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Nitric oxide : biology and chemistry

Tetrahydrobiopterin attenuates modulation of platelet 12-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase activities by nitric oxide.


PMID 11178940

Abstract

Endothelial cells secrete large amounts of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) in septic conditions. BH(4) is a cofactor for nitric oxide (NO) synthase and an essential regulator of its activity. We recently showed that NO can be a modulator of both platelet 12-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase activities. In the present study, we investigated the effect of BH(4) on the activities of 12-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase in rabbit platelets. The influence of BH(4) on NO-induced modulation of these enzyme activities was investigated. Exogenous BH(4) did not affect platelet 12-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase activities. The modulatory effects of NO on the two enzymatic pathways were reversed by addition of BH(4) but not by reduced glutathione. These results suggest that exogenous BH(4) is not essential for NO synthase activity of platelets, but that it is an important regulator of the action of NO released from other sources on platelet 12-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase activities.

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H1640
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C17H28O3